Download Advances in Computers, Vol. 11 by Franz L. Alt, Morris Rubinoff PDF

By Franz L. Alt, Morris Rubinoff

Considering the fact that its first quantity in 1960, Advances in desktops has awarded distinctive insurance of ideas in and software program and in desktop concept, layout, and functions. It has additionally supplied members with a medium within which they could study their matters in larger intensity and breadth than that allowed via typical magazine articles. therefore, many articles became average references that stay of vital, lasting price regardless of the fast progress happening within the box.

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Initialize is the first code that is executed after the object is instantiated; you can execute just about any Ruby code in initialize. initi alize is always private; that is, it is scoped only to the current object, not beyond it. You can access the instance variable @name with the method hello. Reopening a Ruby Class You can reopen or augment an existing Ruby class. array_of_ten p ten # => [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] NOTE Reopening a built-in class in Ruby might be convenient (it’s kind of amazing, really), but there are trade-offs such as the visibility of changes, readability, and so forth.

End Method Name Conventions Ruby has conventions about the last character in method names. These conventions are very common but not enforced by the language. , it means that the method returns a Boolean (true or false). eql? , it indicates that the method is destructive, meaning it makes what are called in place changes to an object rather than to a copy—that is, it changes the object itself. " ) # => "Matz" puts der_mensch # => Matz! given_name= "Yukihiro" # => "Yukihiro" p n # => Default Arguments The repeat method shown earlier has two arguments.

You're okay. You're okay. You're okay. I think you're okay. 1f" % temp means format the variable temp as a float with one decimal place after the number. See Kernel#sprintf for more information on formating strings. capitalize break if temp[i] == "Arabian" i +=1 end p temp # => ["Quarter", "Arabian"] When the if modifier following break found Arabian in the temp array, it broke out of the loop immediately. 00 while sum < cash The until Statement As unless is a negated form of if, until is a negated form of while.

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