By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The e-book makes a speciality of geological historical past because the severe think about selecting the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the various using mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored by way of reviewing the historical past of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the position of mountain uplift and weather switch.
This ebook provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic list of Amazonia that was once characterised by means of fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely varied natural world. This fauna comprises giants comparable to the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but in addition a various fish fauna and fragile molluscs, when fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
eventually, a evaluation the molecular datasets of the trendy Amazonian rainforest and aquatic environment, discussing the prospective kin among the beginning of Amazonian species variety and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the US. The multidisciplinary strategy in comparing the background of Amazonia has ended in a complete quantity that gives novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One creation: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic heritage of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the improvement of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin approach (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for neighborhood Geology in Northern South the US (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its impression on prior Fluvial platforms (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the improvement of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine effect in Amazonia: facts from the Geological checklist (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the United States and their influence on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement procedures in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather edition in Amazonia through the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain diversity (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen sleek Andean Rainfall version in the course of ENSO Cycles and its influence at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A assessment of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the US (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement during the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The beginning of the fashionable Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical checklist (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological standpoint (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and old procedures to styles of Tree variety and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian plant life and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular point of view (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular stories and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic versions (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the foundation of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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Extra info for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
Van der Hammen, T. (1998) Neogene and Quaternary development of the neotropical rain forest: the forest refugia hypothesis, and a literature overview. Earth-Sci Rev 44, 147–183. Hoorn, C. (1993) Marine incursions and the influence of Andean tectonics on the Miocene depositional history of northwestern Amazonia: results of a palynostratigraphic study. Palaeogeogr Palaeocl 109, 1–55. Hovikoski, J. (2006) Miocene Western Amazonia in the light of sedimentological and ichnological data. PhD thesis, Annales Universitatis Turkuensis, AII, 1–138.
University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden, 84 pp. J. (2007) Special issue: Conservation and Biogeography of Amazonia. J Biogeog 34, 1289. , Flenley, J. (2006) Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change. Springer. , De Oliveira, Bush, M. (2000) Amazonian and Neotropical plant communities on glacial time-scales: The failure of the aridity and refuge hypothesis. Quaternary Sci Rev 19, 141–170. , de Mello, J. (2001) A paradigm to be discarded: Geological and paleoecological data falsify the Haffer & Prance Refuge Hypothesis of Amazonian sopeciation.
Gibbs & Barron (1993) did not include the Coeroeni Group in the belt. However, according to Delor et al. (2003), aeromagnetic evidence and lack of relief east of the Kanuku horst as well as geochronological data do not support a continuation towards the Bakhuis horst in northwest Suriname, but an arcuate continuation to the southeast, to the Coeroeni area in southwestern Suriname.