By Ivar Reinvang
This publication offers the paintings on aphasia popping out of the Institute for Aphasia and Stroke in Norway in the course of its 10 years of lifestyles. instead of reviewing formerly offered paintings, it used to be my wish to provide a unified research and dialogue of our gathered information. The empirical foundation for the research is a pretty big workforce (249 sufferers) investigated with a typical, complete set of tactics. checks of language features has to be constructed anew for every language, yet comparability of my findings with different contemporary compre hensive stories of aphasia is faciliated by way of shut parallels in try meth ods (Chapter 2). The type approach used is at present the main accredited neurological procedure, yet i've got operationalized it for learn reasons (Chapter 3). The analyses awarded are in keeping with the view that aphasia is a side of a multidimensional disturbance of mind functionality. locate ings of linked disturbances and adaptations within the aphasic over the years were pushed aside by means of a few as inappropriate to the examine of aphasia as a language deficit. My view is this wealthy and complicated set of findings supplies very important clues to the association of mind features in people. I current analyses of the connection of aphasia to neuropsychological issues in conceptual association, reminiscence, visuospatial talents and apraxia (Chapters four, five, and 6), and that i research the diversities with time of the aphasic (Chapter 8).
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Additional resources for Aphasia and Brain Organization
5). Principal component analyses with varimax rotation were performed to evaluate the loading of each subtest on the main variable to which it contributes. The loadings are generally very high and indicate that further splitting up of themainvariables is not motivated by the standardization data. 6). 5. Intercorrelations and Loading an First Factor for Subtests" Intercorrelations 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Loading on 1st factor Auditory comprehension Body parts, identify Body parts, describe Body parts, action Objects, identify Objects, describe Objects, action Ideas, meaning Ideas, relations 78 86 54 71 79 76 74 81 57 73 74 76 34 48 68 82 82 45 83 70 52 22 83 72 27 75 43 38 90 88 91 74 88 92 87 48 Repetition Words Nonsense syllables Sentences 91 86 96 96 94 85 Naming Body parts Body parts, action Objects Objects, action Responsive 89 88 91 90 76 91 85 84 84 92 96 93 90 97 95 Reading comprehension Letters Words Sentences 64 67 87 90 91 67 Reading aloud Letters Words Sentences 80 77 86 "Decimal points are omitted throughout the table.
Total isolation produces an isolated-speech-area syndrome. The patient has no spontaneaus speech but responds to questions. The response ,is afmost fil~ways a direct repetition of the question. Speech is weil aiticulated ~d tb:e patient repeats even long sentences . ' He or she shows no sign of comprehension and fails in all language tests except repetition (Geschwind, Quadfasel, & Segarra, 1968). 30 CHAPTER 2 Transcortical motor aphasia is characterized by an excellent ability to repeat and a sparse, but well-articulated, speech.
The testing was clone in a clinical context, which means that the tests and the retests were performed with lang intervals. Recovery processes thus may have effected the results. 3. Test-Retest Correlations Auditory comprehension Repetition Naming Reading comprehension Reading aloud Syntax Writing Aphasia coefficient "Not statistically significant. 4. Test-Retest Correlations Communication Litera! 98 "Not statistically significant. are divided into acute (test and retest within 6 months after onset of aphasia) and chronic (later tests).