By Ruth Harris, Ruth B.S. Harris, Richard D. Mattes
A posh interaction of social, fiscal, mental, dietary and physiological forces effect ingestive habit and insist an built-in examine method of increase knowing of healthy nutrition offerings and people who give a contribution to health and wellbeing issues including obesity-related persistent ailments. Taking a multifaceted procedure, urge for food and nutrition consumption: Behavioral and Physiological issues summarizes present figuring out of environmental and physiological determinants of foodstuff selection and effort stability. The editors juxtapose pairs of chapters drawn from animal study and human medical findings to focus on the synergies, and gaps in learn techniques to spotlight present wisdom and determine components of wanted and promising study. starting with a theoretical attention of the purported life and performance of mechanisms for the legislation of feeding and effort stability, the ebook progresses via a extra certain attention of information on the topic of mechanisms recruited from the preliminary considered consuming via post-ingestive occasions. Chapters handle preingestive motivational, cognitive, and orosensory strategies that impression meals choice and proceed with severe stories of intestinal and postabsorptive signaling structures and nutrient metabolism. The booklet concludes with a attention of ways the micro- and macro-nutrient composition of meals affects ingestive habit and the physiologic results of intake. via evaluating examine from easy and utilized medical disciplines and information from animal versions and human trials, the editors offer a serious evaluation of present wisdom of ingestive habit and destiny study needs.
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Additional resources for Appetite and Food Intake: Behavioral and Physiological Considerations
6. , Dietary variety stimulates appetite in females but not in males, Bull. Psychon. , 19, 212–214, 1982. 7. , Energy density of foods affects energy intake in normal-weight women, Am. J. Clin. , 67, 412–420, 1998. 8. Bell, R. , Time to eat: the relationship between the number of people eating and meal duration in three lunch settings, Appetite, 41, 215–218, 2003. 9. , Eating patterns in French subjects studied by the “weekly food diary” method, Appetite, 32, 46–52, 1999. 10. , Non food-related environmental stimuli induce increased meal intake in healthy women: comparison of television viewing versus listening to a recorded story in laboratory settings, Appetite, 43, 175–180, 2004.
Adapted from Herman, C. J. , Raven Press, New York, 1984, pp. 141–156. ) Settling zone model of Levitsky. , Putting behavior back into feeding behavior: a tribute to George Collier, Appetite, 38, 143–148, 2002. 1 Portion Size Effect Perhaps one of the most powerful demonstrations of an external stimulus affecting human food intake is the portion size effect. The effect is quite simple: the more food you put on a person’s plate, the more the person eats. The effect was first noted by Siegel,119 but has received little attention until fairly recently.
Both the meal replacement group and the control group received conventional dietary advice. Although there was some recovery of body weight in the group receiving the meal replacements during the maintenance period, their body weight remained about 8 kg less than baseline body weight. 37 The investigators estimated that conventional nutritional and lifestyle changes result in a loss of 5 kg or less at the end of 2 to 4 years, and that pharmacological therapy produces a weight loss of between 5 and 10 kg at the end of 2 years.