By Falko P. Netzer, Alessandro Fortunelli
This ebook summarizes the present wisdom of two-dimensional oxide fabrics. the basic homes of 2-D oxide platforms are explored by way of atomic constitution, digital habit and floor chemistry. the idea that of polarity in picking the steadiness of 2-D oxide layers is tested, cost move results in ultrathin oxide movies are reviewed in addition to the position of defects in 2-D oxide motion pictures. the unconventional constitution options that practice in oxide structures of low dimensionality are addressed, and a bankruptcy giving an outline of cutting-edge theoretical equipment for digital constitution choice of nanostructured oxides is integrated. detailed emphasis is given to a balanced view from the experimental and the theoretical aspect. Two-dimensional fabrics, and 2-D oxides particularly, have awesome habit as a result of dimensionality and proximity results. numerous chapters deal with prototypical version structures as illustrative examples to debate the atypical actual and chemical houses of 2-D oxide platforms. The chapters are written via well known specialists within the field.
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Extra resources for Oxide Materials at the Two-Dimensional Limit
Adapted from [81, 82] not particular to the Cu-tungstate phase, but appears to be of a more general validity. For example, Ni-tungstate NiWO4 on Ni(110) has been fabricated by chemical reaction of NiO/Ni(110) with (WO3)3 clusters , and a surface Fe-tungstate phase has been generated by the interfacial reaction of the FeO(111) bilayer phase on Pt(111) (see Sect. 2) with (WO3)3 clusters . The ﬁrst step in the latter interface reaction between FeO(111)/Pt(111) and (WO3)3 clusters has been observed by Li et al.
Adapted from  different phases, since subtle variations in the thermodynamic parameters, often below the control of the experimenter, may drive the system into a different structure. It is therefore a challenge in these systems with multi-structure phase diagrams to reproducibly prepare a particular phase, which sometimes even cannot be prepared as a single phase at the surface. This is detrimental for the structure characterization, since a combination of several experimental techniques is often necessary, including area averaging techniques besides the space-resolved STM, to unravel a complex oxide structure.
9a, left panel. The (2 × 1) structure is polar and its total energy as calculated by DFT is only at a local minimum: it is thus a meta-stable phase, with Fig. 0 V of the (2 × 1) phase of MnO on Ag(100) (blue Mn atoms; red O atoms). 5 eV) or B3PW91 (in parenthesis). P. Netzer and S. Surnev the MnO(100)1 × 1 phase being the thermodynamically stable ground state. The (2 × 1) phase, which in the case of MnO/Ag(100) is the predominant phase observed experimentally for the monolayer, must therefore be kinetically stabilized during growth.